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Wednesday, October 19, 2011

IBPS REASONING STATEMENT & ASSUMPTIONS

Statement & Assumptions

Directions (1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and deci-de which of the assumptions is impli-cit in the statement.

(Canara Bank PO-2009)
Give answer (a) if only assumption I is implicit.
Give answer (b) if only assumption II is implicit.
Give answer (c) if either assum-ption I or assumption II is Implicit.
Give answer (d) if neither assump-tion I nor assumption II is Implicit.
Give answer (e) if both assumptions I and II are Implicit.

1.Statement: Even though the number of sugar factories are increasing at a fast rate in India, We still continue to import it from other countries.

Assumption

I.Even the increased number of factories may not be able to meet the demand of sugar in India.

II.The demand for sugar may in-crease substantially in future.

2.Statement: The government an-nounced a heavy compensation package for all the victims of the terrorist attacks.

Assumption

I.Such incidents of terror may not occur in near future.
II. Compensation may mitigate the anger among the citizens against the current government.

3.Statement: Many organizations have switched over to online mode of examinations..

Assumption
I.Candidates from all parts of the country may be well versed using computers.
II.On-line mode of examina-tions helps in recruiting more capable personnel.

4. Statement: Government has decided to relocate all the facto-ries from
the city with immediate effect to reduce the pollution.

Assumption

I.Pollution in the city is being caused only because of the factories existing there.

II.People may be able to manage travelling daily to the relocated factories..

5.Statement: Gambling through lotteries is banned by central government in all the states with immediate effect.

Assumption
I.This may save innocent citizens from getting cheated of their hard earned money.

II.The citizens may not gamble in any other way if the lotteries are banned.

Answers: 1) e, 2) b, 3) a, 4) b, 5) a

Directions (6-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and deci-de which of the assumptions is impli-cit in the statement. (IOB PO -2009)

6.Statement: Many employees of the organization applied for special sabbatical leave of two years to pursue higher education.

Assumption

I.The management of the org-anization may not grant leave to most of these employees.

II.These employees may be able to complete their education during the sabbatical leave.

7.Statement: The college adminis-tration has instructed all the students to stop using cell phones within the college premises.

Assumption

I.The students may stop using cell phones in the college premises.
II.The students may continue to use cell phones in the college premises.

8.Statement: The Govt. has decid-ed to levy congestion tax on pas-sengers travelling by air to and from the metro cities

Assumption

I.The tax so collected may be adequate to meet part of the expenses for providing additi-onal resources to handle huge traffic.
II.Passengers travelling by air to and from these cities may be able to pay extra amount by way of congestion tax.

9.Statement: The local citizens group submitted a memorandum to the civic authority for allowing them to convert the vacant plot in the locality into a garden at their own cost.

Assumption

I.The local citizen group may be able to gather enough funds to develop the garden.

II.The civic authority may not accede to the request of the local citizen group
10.Statement: Most of the private companies have decided against awarding annual increase in the salaries of their employees for the previous year due to the current economic situation.

Assumption

I.Majority of the employees may leave their job to protest against the decision.
II.These companies may annou-nce hike in salaries next year.

Answers: 6) b, 7) a, 8) e, 9) a, 10) d

Explanations:6. (b) When one applies for leave, one assumes that it would be granted Hence I is not implicit. But assumption II is implicit because only then the period of "two years" assumes meaning.

7.(a) When you instruct some one to do something, you assume that he may do it. Hence I is implicit and II is not.

8.e) Assumption I is implicit as this is the purpose assumed while leaving the tax. II is also implicit because when a rule is framed, it is assumed that people are capable of following it.

9.(a) Assumption I is implicit in "at their own cost". Assumption II is contrary to what the citizens may have assumed.

10.(d) Were it assumed that the employees might leave, such a decision would not be taken. Hence Assumption I is not implicit. Assumption II is not implicit because "next year" is present no where in the picture.

Directions (11-14): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something I supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
(Andhra Bank PO-2009)

11.Statement: Many People fell ill after consuming meal at a wedding reception and were rushed to the nearby government and private hospitals.

Assumption

I.The relatives of the affected people may refuse to take them to the government hospitals.
II.The nearby hospitals may be able to attend to all the affected people.

12.Statement: The government has recently announced incentive package for setting up new business ventures in the rural Ares and promised uninterrupted power supply to all the units.

Assumption

I.The government may be able to supply adequate power to all such units.
II.People living in the rural areas may welcome the government decision.

13.Statement: The municipal auth-ority blocked movement of traffic in and around the temple during the main festival city.

Assumption
I.Very large number of devotees may visit the temple during the main festival day.

II.People travelling to the areas near the temple may postpone their journey by a day unless they have very urgent work in that area.

14.Statement: The government has instructed all the private schools in the city to maintain the current fees for at least two more years.

Assumption

I.The authorities of private schools may not follow the government instruction as they are not dependent on government funds.
II.The parents of the students of private schools of the city may still be eager to pay higher fees.

Answers: 11) b, 12) e, 13) e, 14) d

Explanations

11.(b) Only assumption II seems to be implicit in the statement. People who fell ill were rushed to the nearby hospitals. It implies that the nearby hospitals were able to attend to all the affected people.

12.(e) Both the assumptions are implicit in the statement, if the government was not able to supply adequate power, such promise has not been made by the government. Any measure taken by the government for the benefit of people is graciously welcomed by the people.

13.(e) Clearly both the assumptions are implicit in the statement.
14.(a) None of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. The government issued instruction assuming that the authorities of private schools may follow it.

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